Skip to content

Creating a container

Creating a generic container based on an image

Testcontainers' generic container support offers the most flexibility, and makes it easy to use virtually any container images as temporary test dependencies. For example, if you might use it to test interactions with:

  • NoSQL databases or other data stores (e.g. redis, elasticsearch, mongo)
  • Web servers/proxies (e.g. nginx, apache)
  • Log services (e.g. logstash, kibana)
  • Other services developed by your team/organization which are already dockerized

With a generic container, you set the container image using a parameter to the rule constructor, e.g.:

new GenericContainer("jboss/wildfly:9.0.1.Final")

Examples

A generic container rule can be used with any public docker image; for example:

@ClassRule
public static GenericContainer redis =
    new GenericContainer("redis:3.0.2")
            .withExposedPorts(6379);

Further options may be specified:

// Set up a plain OS container and customize environment, 
//   command and exposed ports. This just listens on port 80 
//   and always returns '42'
@ClassRule
public static GenericContainer alpine =
    new GenericContainer("alpine:3.2")
            .withExposedPorts(80)
            .withEnv("MAGIC_NUMBER", "42")
            .withCommand("/bin/sh", "-c", 
            "while true; do echo \"$MAGIC_NUMBER\" | nc -l -p 80; done");

These containers, as @ClassRules, will be started before any tests in the class run, and will be destroyed after all tests have run.