Jupiter / JUnit 5

While Testcontainers is tightly coupled with the JUnit 4.x rule API, this module provides an API that is based on the JUnit Jupiter extension model.

The extension supports two modes:

  • containers that are restarted for every test method
  • containers that are shared between all methods of a test class

Note that Jupiter/JUnit 5 integration is packaged as a separate library JAR; see below for details.

Extension

Jupiter integration is provided by means of the @Testcontainers annotation.

The extension finds all fields that are annotated with @Container and calls their container lifecycle methods (methods on the Startable interface). Containers declared as static fields will be shared between test methods. They will be started only once before any test method is executed and stopped after the last test method has executed. Containers declared as instance fields will be started and stopped for every test method.

Note: This extension has only be tested with sequential test execution. Using it with parallel test execution is unsupported and may have unintended side effects.

Example:

@Testcontainers
class MyTestcontainersTests {

     // will be shared between test methods
    @Container
    private static final MySQLContainer MY_SQL_CONTAINER = new MySQLContainer();

     // will be started before and stopped after each test method
    @Container
    private PostgreSQLContainer postgresqlContainer = new PostgreSQLContainer()
            .withDatabaseName("foo")
            .withUsername("foo")
            .withPassword("secret");
    @Test
    void test() {
        assertTrue(MY_SQL_CONTAINER.isRunning());
        assertTrue(postgresqlContainer.isRunning());
    }
}

Examples

To use the Testcontainers extension annotate your test class with @Testcontainers.

Restarted containers

To define a restarted container, define an instance field inside your test class and annotate it with the @Container annotation.

@Testcontainers
class SomeTest {

    @Container
    private MySQLContainer mySQLContainer = new MySQLContainer();

    @Test
    void someTestMethod() {
        String url = mySQLContainer.getJdbcUrl();

        // create a connection and run test as normal
    }

    @Nested
    class NestedTests {

        @Container
        private final PostgreSQLContainer postgreSQLContainer = new PostgreSQLContainer();

        void nestedTestMethod() {
            // top level container is restarted for nested methods
            String mySqlUrl = mySQLContainer.getJdbcUrl();

            // nested containers are only available inside their nested class
            String postgresUrl = postgreSQLContainer.getJdbcUrl();
        }
    }
}

Shared containers

Shared containers are defined as static fields in a top level test class and have to be annotated with @Container. Note that shared containers can't be declared inside nested test classes. This is because nested test classes have to be defined non-static and can't therefore have static fields.

@Testcontainers
class SomeTest {

    @Container
    private static final MySQLContainer MY_SQL_CONTAINER = new MySQLContainer();

    @Test
    void someTestMethod() {
        String url = MY_SQL_CONTAINER.getJdbcUrl();

        // create a connection and run test as normal
    }
}

Singleton containers

Note that the singleton container pattern is also an option when using JUnit 5.

Limitations

Since this module has a dependency onto JUnit Jupiter and on Testcontainers core, which has a dependency onto JUnit 4.x, projects using this module will end up with both, JUnit Jupiter and JUnit 4.x in the test classpath.

This extension has only be tested with sequential test execution. Using it with parallel test execution is unsupported and may have unintended side effects.

Adding Testcontainers JUnit 5 support to your project dependencies

Add the following dependency to your pom.xml/build.gradle file:

testImplementation "org.testcontainers:junit-jupiter:1.12.3"
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.testcontainers</groupId>
    <artifactId>junit-jupiter</artifactId>
    <version>1.12.3</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>